Architecture in future will surely be dependent on various other branches of science and technology.INTER and INTRA dependence of the building architecture, which preciously was considered under civil ,presently electrical and mechanical engineering.Many architects in ages were/are masters in structural designs and applications, for example Frank Llyod Wright, Santiago Calatrava are the best examples where their works reflect the dual skills.

**Multidisciplinary in Architecture will be its Future.**

**“Mathematics”** integrated into the building sciences will surely be a great tool to explode various generative forms and iterations as a design part in architecture.It is not that mathematics was not previously integrated to the art field.Concepts of Proportioning like golden ratio,Le Corbusier’s human scale etc are used way before the decades.

Let us begin with the this mathematical tool as in Nature:

**The Voronoi Diagram**

It’s easy to make a simple voronoi diagram. Just throw a random scattering of points (“sites”) across a plane, connect these sites with lines (linking each point to those which are closest to it), and then bisect each of these lines with a perpendicular.

**First step** is to draw a line connecting adjacent points.

**Second step** is to draw a perpendicular line to the one you just drew in the midpoint of it.

**Last step** is to connect lines, drawn in the second step, in to an network.

## Voronoi and Nature

*Giraffe: Following Voronoi’s Equation?*

*The Wings of a Dragonfly
*

*The Tortoise Shell.*

## Voronoi and Architecture

## Voronoi and Architecture

## This concept can be implemented in generative forms to save the time for Architects and Designers.

There are many such applications:

### 1.City Planning

Like Town- planning in Architecture may be simplified by assigning the site as a nodal point and generating the Voronoi diagram as explained above.

For example for comparing areas covered by different hospitals, or shops, etc. With Voronoi diagram one can easily determine where is the nearest shop or hospital, and urban planners can study if certain area need a new hospital.

### 2.Other Uses

a. Their structural properties, both in 2d and 3d.

b. As a way to subdivide/organize space, based on proximity/closest neighbor.

c. The fact that they can describe many natural formations, like soap bubbles, sponges or bone cells, which can inform architecture with new ways to organize and structure space.

The above example is in **Alibaba Headquarters in Hangzhou** architect slightly alliterated the pattern of Voronoi diagram to create stunning shadings for elevations and courtyard.

#### References:

1.Voronois on encyclopedia

2.Saeed Arida, Masters Thesis Paper.

3.Paper Journals

* -Aranda, B., Lasch, C. Tooling New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2006.*

* -Bollobas, B., Riordan, O. Percolation Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.*

* -Kim, M.S., Shimada, K., (eds.) Geometric Modeling and Processing – GMP 2006 Berlin: Springer, 2006.*